About Salem Environmental

Since 2008, Salem has been providing high quality, low cost environmental due diligence services to NJ-NYC-Philly area client-base with a strong focus on banks and lenders. As a boutique firm, Salem completes between 200-500 Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessments, and other environmental risk assessment services, each year in the NJ-NYC-Philly area.

Our Office Location

203 Main Street
Flemington, NJ 08822
Phone | 908-788-8100
Fax | 908-363-7182
Email | rob@salemenv.com

Our assessment practice utilizes a proprietary database and retrieval software developed exclusively for use by Salem in Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessments and Environmental Screening Reports, which are widely accepted among lenders and the SBA.

Salem offers Pro Bono work for supportive housing developers. Please contact us if you are a supporting housing developer in NJ-NYC-Philly in need of Phase 1 Environmental or other pre-purchase screening services.

Phase II Environmental Site Assessments

A Phase II ESA is conducted as a second step of the environmental due diligence process by which a party may claim an exemption to the liability imposed by The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). Under CERCLA, a property owner can be held liable for environmental cleanup costs and associated liability if their property is contaminated even if they did not cause the contamination. A Phase I ESA that identifies potential sources of environmental contamination does not qualify a real property owner from CERCLA liability. In this instance, a Phase II ESA is necessary to confirm whether a. the real property is in fact contaminated, b. what the real property is contaminated with, c. what media on the real property is contaminated, and d. is the current or past usage of the real property a potential source for the contamination?


A Phase II ESA may include soil evaluation, groundwater evaluation, soil-gas evaluations, indoor air evaluations and ground-penetrating radar (GPR) surveys. In most instances, a Phase II ESA includes usage of minimally-invasive drilling equipment to explore the subsurface of the Site. Field samples of soil/groundwater are sent to a laboratory for analysis. Laboratory results are reviewed by the Environmental Professional and compared to current State and Federal Standards. The Environmental Professional then prepares a written report documenting the scope of work, sampling results and an opinion as to the environmental liability associated with the real property.

Regulatory History
  • US CERCLA (Superfund) Law, 1980
  • SARA Amendments to CERCLA, 1986
  • 40 CFR 312, All Appropriate Inquiries Rule, Adopted 2005
  • ASTM International, 1903-97(2002)Guide to Phase II ESA Process

Required Licenses or Certifications
  • No Formal Licensing or Certification
  • Person Completing Assessment must Meet Definition of Environmental Professional Per 40 CFR 312

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